For thousands of years, humanity has had an obsession with building things that far surpass the limitations of normal architecture. Different civilizations have built legendary structures, and many of them still stand to this day. These structures are known as the Wonders of the World.
These Wonders inspire awe and admiration whenever they are seen. Looking at these marvels, both manmade and natural, it gives you an idea of both what mankind can do with enough effort and determination, and what the natural world can create, sometimes completely by accident.
Most of us have seen at least some of these Wonders in books, videos, or online. But how much do you really know about them? Sure, anyone can point to a specific image and identify what its name is, but not everyone can actually remember where one of them is or why it's important.
That's what we hope to fix today. With this quiz, we hope you can test or refresh your knowledge of mankind's greatest constructions (and a few of nature's, as well) to see if you really know your Wonders of the World as well as you think you do.
The Pyramids are officially known as the Great Pyramids of which city?
Contrary to popular belief, this isn't the only group of Pyramids in the world. Instead, the ones you see pictures here are part of a larger complex of multiple structures. The oldest and tallest one is known as the Khufu Pyramid, and the second-tallest is called Khafre, and the third is the Pyramid of Menkaure. Another part of the complex is the great Sphinx, which is just as iconic as the pyramids themselves. The complex also features multiple tombs and cemeteries.
What is the name of this world-famous structure?
This enormous complex is one of the most underrated marvels of architecture. The structure was originally intended to be a Hindu Temple devoted to the god Vishnu, but was later converted into a Buddhist temple. The structure is indeed worthy of being called a Wonder: not only is it an enormous complex, but there's an incredible amount of detail carved into virtually every stone found there. The site is also critical for it's host country's economy, as over half of tourists come to this specific site.
TRUE or FALSE: You can see the Great Wall of China from outer space?
The Great wall of China is easily the largest manmade structure to be considered a Wonder. It was built in stages over hundreds of years, with the first parts being built in the 7th century BC. For over a thousand years, various Chinese rules and dynasties rebuilt and repaired the wall at various points. By the time the Ming Dynasty ended, the Great Wall measured an astonishing 5,500 miles (8,850km) in length, with some surveys suggesting it's even longer, at 13,171 miles (21,196 km).
In which country is the famous architectural site Petra located?
Petra is a historical and archaeological city famous for its ancient structures, including the one seen in this picture. The site's most memorable appearance was in the film 'Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade', and was believed to be the location of the Fountain of Youth. In real life, getting to Petra does indeed require navigating through narrow passages, just like in the movie. But it's worth it; it is the most visited site in its home country and was listed by Smithsonian Magazine as a place one absolutely must visit.
The site of Machu Picchu can be found in which country?
Machu Picchu is one of the few remaining pre-Spanish South American archaeological sites left on the American continent. It was alleged to have been built by Inca emperor Pachacuti in the late 15th century. The site was discovered in 1911 and is one of many places named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Because if its historical significance, there is a no-fly zone enforced above the site. Machu Picchu was voted as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World in an online poll in 2007.
The name 'Hagia Sophia' translates into what in English?
The Hagia Sophia, one of the most iconic structures in European and Turkish history, experienced a turbulent past. From its completion in 537 to 1453, it served as a cathedral for the Eastern Orthodox Church, except for a 57-year period during which it was a Catholic cathedral due to Crusaders controlling Constantinople/Istanbul. After that, it became an Ottoman mosque, and stayed that way until 1931. It has since become a secular museum, as well as an immensely popular tourist designation.
Where is this famous Leaning Tower located?
This famous tower is a marvel of both architecture and its apparent ability to defy gravity. The Leaning Tower was completed in 1372, but even as it was being built, it began to tilt due to soft ground serving as the foundation. Yet even after over 650 years, countless wars, earthquakes and other disruptions, the tower is still free-standing, despite its increasing tilt. Given all of this, it shouldn't come as a surprise that it took 199 years to complete.
What is the name of this famous location/object?
This unusual structure's use and significance has been widely debated, since whoever built it didn't leave any written records of who they were or what it was used for. Some say it was a place for funerals and cremations. Others argue that its design and placement suggest it was used to predict the winter solstice, making it a calendar of sorts. Other still suggest that, because of the stones' special attributes, they might have something to do with healing or spirituality.
Which world-famous structure is this?
This enormous structure was built in 1973 and became a UNESCO World Heritage Sight in 2007. It's look is unique among UNESCO World Heritage Sites, making it instantly recognizable among lovers of architecture and history. The building is 600 feet (183 meters) tall, 394 feet (120 meters) wide, and takes up an area of 4.4 acres. But despite being so enormous, its seating capacity doesn't match up. This structure sits less than 6,000 people, making it more artistic than effective.
Which natural wonder of the world is also known as 'Uluru'?
A lot of wonders are translated into English because it's simpler for an international audience that might not speak a local language. That said, there is one particular wonder that's known just as much by its native, non-English name, as its English name. This wonder isn't a manmade structure either; it's a natural creation that the local population near it consider it to be a true marvel of nature. It is also considered sacred to indigenous tribes that live nearby.
The world-famous Colosseum is located in which European city?
Also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, this wonder of the world was built over 1,900 years ago and is still intact today. The structure is capable of housing anywhere between 50,000 and 80,000 people for any festivities that might've taken place therein. The site is one of the most popular tourist destinations in its home city, and has been a major attraction for centuries. Access to it is relatively inexpensive, and EU members under 18 or over 65 can go in for free.
The Citadel of Cairo is named after which famous leader?
This marvel of medieval architecture was built in the late 12th century, and has remained more or less intact since then. It has survived numerous sieges and wars, including the first Crusades and Ottoman rule. The massive structure is more than just a citadel, however. It also contains two mosques and a museum, making it a large gathering place for the local population. To this day, the Citadel is one of the most popular tourist destinations in all of Cairo.
TRUE or FALSE: The CN Tower is the tallest free-standing structure in the world today?
The CN Tower is one of the most well-known structures in Canada. greatest landmarks. The tower stands 1,815.3 feet from ground level to top of the spire. To get to the top level, one can either take a shuttle elevator, or climb the tower's 1,776 steps. At that top level, there are shops, info graphics, restaurants, and a panoramic view in every direction. The tower was built in 1976, and is widely believed to be the tallest structure of its type on earth.
The Golden Gate Bridge is located in which American City?
The Golden Gate Bridge is one of the greatest marvels of American architecture in modern times. The bridge is 1.7 miles long, and was the longest suspension bridge in the world until 1964, having surpassed by newer and longer bridges. Aside from length, the Golden Gate Bridge is also an iconic image that's easily associated with its home city. In Fact, Frommer's travel guides list this bridge as the most photographed bridge in the world, and certainly one of the most beautiful.
The Statue of Christ The Redeemer is located in which Brazilian city?
Brazil is one of the most deeply-Catholic countries in the world, and they've shown this in many ways. One of those was through the construction of one of the most recognizable religious statues in the world, that of Christ the Redeemer. This statue is 98 feet tall (not including its base), and its arms stretch 92 feet across. Construction of the statue ended in 1931, and the stature has been a major destination for Christian pilgrims and tourists to Brazil ever since.
The Statue of Liberty was a gift to the United States of America from which country?
The Statue of Liberty is one of the most iconic structures in American history. Gifted to the United States in 1886, the statue can be found on Liberty in New York Harbor in New York City. The actual copper statue stands 151 feet tall and can be seen far and wide. The Statue has become a key symbol of American values of liberty and freedom, and was the first thing that many new immigrants saw when they arrived at Ellis Island.
The Empire State Building is located in which city?
The Empire State Building was once the tallest building in the United States and in the entire Western Hemisphere. It measured 1,454 feet (443.2 meters) from the base to the tip of its antenna, and was the tallest building in New York City until the World Trade Center towers were built. With over 100 floors, the Building houses a massive number of offices and businesses. Over 21,000 people work in the Empire State Building, using up all of its 73 elevators.
In which country can you find the Taj Mahal?
The Taj Mahal is one of the most frequently-visited UNESCO World Heritage sites on the planet, boasting an average of 7-8 million viewers each year. The white-marble mausoleum was built in 1632 by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a tomb for one of his wives. The site itself includes numerous features: the aforementioned white marble palace, an enormous garden, and a mosque for prayers. In 1893, UNESCO named the Taj Mahal, "one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage."
In which country is the Three Gorges Dam located?
One of the newest wonders of engineering, the Three Gorges Dam is also one of the most controversial. This massive hydroelectric dam is the world's largest power station of any kind, having an installed capacity of 22,500 Megawatts. Because of size and power, building this titanic structure caused a lot of problems. Over 1 million people were displaced due to the construction, the damming caused flooding to historical and cultural sites, and many people nearby now live in increased fear of landslides.
Which of the following Wonders is one whose existence is still in question?
The term 'Seven Wonders of the World' was first used to describe structures built in the Bronze Age or in the early Antiquity, long before modern civilization. The original Seven Wonders of the World were structures/buildings built long ago, most of which aren't still standing today. These seven were/are: The Colossus of Rhodes, The Temple of Artemis, The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, The Great Wall of China, The Pyramids of Giza, and the Statue of Zeus at Olympia.
Which ancient civilization was the one to have built the Colossus?
When it was around, the Colossus was a statue devoted to an ancient Sun God. When it was complete, the Colossus status stood about 33 meters (108 feet) tall, which is about the same height as the Statue of Liberty. Unfortunately, the tallest statue in the ancient world was never rebuilt, and it only stood erect for less than a century, as it was destroyed in a massive earthquake in about 226 BC. Recently, there have been proposals to rebuilt it.
The Great Lighthouse was located in which country?
The Great Lighthouse was one of the longest-standing structures of the ancient world. It was believed to have stood between 394 and 449 feet tall, and could be seen for miles and miles in each direction. Because of its sheer size, the Great Lighthouse became the standard and inspiration for many smaller (but no less important) lighthouses around the world. The most interesting thing about it was that the Great Lighthouse was built mostly of stone yet managed to last well over a thousand years.
Which civilization built the structure known as Chichen Itza?
Despite most people associating the name 'Chichen Itza' with the image shown here, there's more to it than just the step pyramid. Chichen Itza is actually the site of an ancient pre-Spanish city built centuries before any Europeans ever made contact with Native Americans. The entire site is only 5 square miles in size, but there are a lot of structures densely packed into that area. Chichen Itza is nonetheless a massive tourism destination, with over 1 million people visiting each year.
The Great Barrier Reef is off which country's coast?
Despite most effort being devoted to manmade wonders of the world, a lot has also been given to admiring natural constructions and structure that existed long before humans began building their massive structures. The Great Barrier Reef is one such a wonder, being the largest single structure built by any living organism on the planet. It is 133,000 square miles (144,400 square km) in size, and, unlike manmade wonders of the world, this one can actually be seen from space.
The Hoover Dam is located on the border of which two U.S. states?
The Hoover Dam is one of the greatest marvels of architecture in the modern era. Even with relatively modern construction equipment, this massive structure took 14 years to build, and cost $700 million (in 2017 dollars) to build. The dam is a whopping 726.4 feet (221.4 meters) tall and 1,244 feet (379 meters) long. Sadly, the Dam also has a bit of a dark history, as over 100 people died during its construction, mostly due to drowning and carbon monoxide poisoning.