Many of us had our first geography class around fifth grade in elementary school. It is sometimes taught under the social studies umbrella in schools. Do you remember what you learned?
Geography is a wide field. It is essentially the study of the planet Earth and its physical features. Students learn the different regions of the world and about their wildlife. They also learn about the different kinds of climates on Earth, the landforms on the surface and about the world's bodies of water. A geography class will also cover how humans divide up the land and relate to their environments. Students will usually have to memorize the names of all the continents and oceans as well as the countries and capitals. The class also teaches students how to read different kinds of maps.
Your elementary school geography class taught you a lot about the world. Maybe there was a time where you identify all the major landforms around the globe and could recite all the countries and capitals of the world off the top of your head. But how much of it did you actually retain? Could you pass a fifth grade geography quiz now? Take the quiz to find out!
What is the tallest mountain in the world?
With its highest point as 29,029 feet, or 8,848 meters, this mountain the the tallest on the planet above sea level. It stretches so high that it penetrates the Earth's stratosphere. Reaching the top of this mountain is considering a great feat of strength. Thus, it attracts a lot of ambitious climbers. Only around 4 thousand people are known to have reached the top of the summit and hundreds have died trying. Which mountain is the tallest in the world?
How many continents are there?
The continents are large, continuous expanses of land that are separated by the world's oceans. And islands, while not attached to any mainland, are grouped in with neighboring continents. The continents represent physical as well as geopolitical regions of the world. Continents are then further divided into different countries and smaller regions. The number of continents that is taught in school may vary depending on where you live. But in general, it is agreed that there are how many continents?
Which imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres
An imaginary line exists on the Earth's surface at 0 degrees latitude. It extends for 24,901 miles, or 40,075 kilometers, right around the middle of the planet, equidistant from the North and South Poles. This lines divides the globe into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Over 70 percent of the line exists over the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It is very warm in areas near this line, with annual average temperatures above 80 degrees.
How many oceans are there?
The oceans are defined as large bodies of saline water that separate the world's continents. They are a vital part of the Earth's hydrosphere. Over 70 percent of the Earth's surface is covered in water. On top of that, the oceans hold more than 96 percent of all the water on the entire planet. The oceans are expansive and deep. According to oceanographers, less than 5 percent of territory has been explored. How many oceans are there in the world?
Which U.S. river runs north to south from Minnesota to the Gulf of Mexico?
This U.S. river begins in northern Minnesota and runs south for 2,320 miles, or 3,730 kilometers. It empties into the Gulf of Mexico. Before the European settlers arrived, many different Native tribes lived alongside the river. In the 18th century, this river served as the western border for the young United States of America before the country expanded into the wild west. Some use this river as a rough dividing line between the Eastern, Southern and Western regions of the U.S.
What is a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides called?
This is a piece of land is close to an island, but is not quite the same thing. In fact, it's name actually comes from the Latin words "almost" and "island." It is surrounded by water on most of its border. But unlike an island, it is connected to a mainland on one side. This type of land can be found on coastlines and in smaller bodies of water throughout the world. Does this describe an isthmus, peninsula, bay or an archipelago?
Which continent has the largest population?
One of the continents has the biggest population by far. It holds over 4 billion of the roughly 7 billion people on Earth, meaning it is home to about 60 percent of the world's population. The continent is also the largest in size. It covers an area of over 17 million square miles, or over 44 million square kilometers. This makes up around 30 percent of the planet's total land area more than 8 percent of the Earth's total surface area.
What is the capital of Egypt?
The Arab Republic of Egypt is a Mediterranean country. It is located in the northeast corner of Africa. It is is also connected to Asia by a land bridge. It is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel at the north, Sudan at the south, Libya to the west and the Red Sea at the south. It sofficial language is Arabic. As of 2017, 95 million live in the country. Which city is its capital? Alexandria? Giza? Cairo? Or Aswan?
A man-made waterway
This is a man-made channel filled with water. It allows water transport vehicles to pass through and gain access inland. They can also connected existing lakes, rivers, seas or oceans. These artificial waterways are typically made to make travel and shipping more accessible. They can also help improve irrigation in an area and to deliver drinking water to more people. Before modern transportation, these man-made waterways were especially vital for transporting goods and people. What is this artificial channel called?
What is the largest ocean in the world?
This ocean is not only the largest of them all, it is also the deepest of the oceans. It has an area of 63,800,000 square miles, or 165,250,000 square kilometers. Its deepest point is 35,797 feet, or 10,911 meters. Its average depth is about 14,040 feet, or 4,280 meters. It is bigger than all of the land area on Earth combined. This ocean's waters cover about a third of the globe. Which of the oceans is the biggest of them all?
What is the world's biggest island?
An island is a piece of land that has broken off from the mainland of a continent and is completely surrounded by ocean water. There are many islands in the world that are very small. There are a few that are quite large. The biggest island in the entire world has an area of about 836,330 square miles, or 2.1 million square kilometers. As of 2016, it has a population of 56,483 people. Which island is the biggest on the Earth?
What is the longest mountain range in the U.S.?
There are several major mountain ranges in the United States. The longest mountain range the the entire country stretches for over 3 thousand miles, or 4,800 kilometers, all the way from Canada through several U.S. states. Which of these four mountain ranges is the biggest in the whole country? Remember, this is the biggest in length, not the tallest mountain range. Is it The Rocky Mountains? The Appalachian Mountains? The Sierra Nevada mountain range? Or is it The Cascade Range?
What is the biggest desert in the U.S.?
The United States has very diverse geography. Some states have very warm climates all year long while others are very cold, rainy or snowy. The country has mountains, plains, plateaus, grasslands, lakes, rivers, and deserts. The biggest desert in the country is almost 200 thousand square miles, covering a large part of the state it is located in and extends into three others. This is a temperate desert with long hot and dry summers and cold, snowy temperatures in the winter.
What is the capital of Mexico?
Mexico is a country in North America, it is connected to the United States by the countries of Central America. Its capital is an important cultural and financial center of the country. Which city in Mexico serves as the country's capital? It is Tijuana, located near California? It is Mexico City? It the capital of Mexico Puebla? Or is it the famed city of Guadalajara? Hint: Mexico's capital city is also the most densely populated city in all of North America.
True or false: Antarctica has no permanent residents
Is the following statement true or false? There are no permanent residents on the continent of Antarctica like there are on the other continents. The land is basically uninhabited due to its harsh climate. The are no countries, cities or towns on the land mass. The closest thing to towns in Antartica are small settlements of people scattered around the continent. There are also no commercial industries. Most of the people there are either doing scientific research or are tourists.
A kind of map that shows boundaries of countries, states, provinces and cities
There are many different kinds of maps used in geography class. Each type of map focuses on different aspects of the land. There is one type of map that is designed to show the governmental boundaries of an area. This map will show the boundaries of the continents, countries, state or provinces, cities and municipalities, depending on the size of the map. What kind of map is this? Hint: this is the kind of map you probably see the most often.
Which river forms part of the border between the U.S. and Mexico?
There is a river that begins in the state of Colorado and flows through southwestern United States and northern Mexico, emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. The river partially forms the natural border between the U.S. state of Texas and the Mexican states Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas. The river is about 1,896 miles long, or 3,051 kilometers. It is one of the top five biggest rivers in the entire country. Is this the Grande de Santiago River, the Brazos River, the Pecos River or the Rio Grande?
Which U.S. state is bordered by two oceans?
The United States is bordered by three oceans - the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. Thus, there are several states that border one of the the oceans on at least one side. But there is only one, single state, out of all 50, that is bordered by two oceans. Is this the island state of Hawaii? Is it the state of California? It is Alaska? Or Oregon? Hint: the state is bordered by both the Pacific and Arctic Oceans.
What is an inlet of the sea between high cliffs called?
This body of water is a long, narrow indentation of the sea. It is surrounded by steep sides of land or cliffs. It is created by a glacier, which creates a U-shaped valley through ice segregation and abrasion of the land. It is typically deeper than the sea it is connected to. It is common for coral reefs to be found alongside the bottom of these inlets. Hint: these are commonly found on the coastline of Norway as well as Iceland.
What is an area that is very cold all year long and has little plant life called?
In geography class, you probably learned about the different kinds of biomes. A biome describes a community of plants and animals that have formed in response to a shared physical climate. This is similar to a habitat, but broader. In this particular biome, temperatures are cold and snowy all year around. Because of this, there is very little plant life compared to other, warmer biomes. Typically, only small shrubs, grasses and mosses will grow in this environment. What is this biome called?
What is the capital of Canada?
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. It sits right above the United States. The border between the two countries is the longest bi-national land border in the entire world. It is about 3.8 million square miles, or a little less than 10 million square kilometers. This makes it the second largest country by area in the entire world, only behind Russia. It has two official languages: English and French. What is the capital of this country?
What is the smallest ocean in the world?
This ocean's waters cover an area of over 5 million square miles, or more than 14 million kilometers. It is nearly the size of Antartica. But out of the five major oceans in the world, it is the smallest of them all. On top of that, it is also the shallowest ocean, has the lowest salt content and has relatively little plant life. Nevertheless, the ocean is still very important. It is home to many endangered marine species and provides natural resources.
What is the world's longest above-water mountain range?
This is the longest continental mountain range in the entire world. It is over 4 thousand miles, or 7 thousand kilometers, long. The range is so big that it is separated into smaller ranges, which are divided by deep depressions in the land. There are also several plateaus - high, flat areas of land - along the mountains. There are several major cities located on top of these plateaus. It is also the second highest mountain range in the world. Which is it?
What is the biggest desert in the world?
This desert is the largest hot desert on the entire planet (Antarctica and the Arctic are considered cold deserts and are larger). It has an area of 3.6 million square miles, or 9.2 million square kilometers. It is close to the size of entire countries like the United States and China. Tens of thousands of years ago, it was once a savanna grassland. It became a desert due to changes in the Earth's axis and may become grassy again in the future.
How many countries are in North America?
The continent of North America is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. It is the third largest continent by area. The land mass is about 9.5 million square miles, or 24.7 million square kilometers. There are also several islands surrounding the mainland. North America has the fourth largest population of of all the continents. It is home to 565 million people - that is over 7 percent of the world's total population. How many independent states does the continent have?